Thursday, August 25, 2016

Vaccinations: Myths & Questions




Vaccinations are given to provide protection against diseases without having to become sick.  There are a wide variety of vaccinations available for different diseases including pertussis (“whooping cough”), the flu, or shingles to name a few.  It is important to keep your vaccinations up to date to not only keep yourself healthy but also your family and the community. 

Myth: The influenza (or the flu) is only an inconvenience and the vaccine does not work very well.
FALSE: Influenza kills 300,000 to 500,000 people a year across the world.  It tends to be more severe in pregnant women, small children, elderly with poor health, and people with chronic conditions (i.e. asthma or diabetes).  The vaccine protects against the four most common viruses for that season and that is why people receive the vaccine every year.

Myth: There is a link between vaccines and autism.
FALSE: Multiple studies have been conducted to study the possible link between vaccines and autism but none of them have shown that vaccines or their ingredients cause autism.  The 1998 study that showed a link between autism and the mumps-measles-rubella (MMR) vaccine was proven wrong and resulted in the article being pulled from the journal and the loss of the author’s medical license.

Question: Can someone get the disease from the vaccine?
Most vaccines, like the flu shot, use an inactivated or dead form of the virus or bacteria.  It is impossible to get the disease from an inactivated vaccine.  Live vaccines, like MMR or chickenpox, can appear to cause a mild form of the disease but it is not harmful and shows that the vaccine is working.  Individuals with a weakened immune system should never receive live vaccines.  

Question: Who should get vaccinated?
Everyone that does not have a medical condition that prevents them from receiving a vaccination.  Certain disease states like diabetes require adults to receive certain vaccines.  The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) offers a complete list of recommended vaccinations for different ages and disease states.

Question: Why are vaccines required for children to go to school?
Vaccinations help protect not only the individual receiving the shot but also the rest of the community and schools from outbreaks of disease.  Without a law people would forget and provide excuses to not get vaccinated.

As always, Topeka Pharmacy is always here to answer your questions and can provide vaccinations to children 11 years and older without a prescription. Younger children need a prescription from the doctor.

Friday, August 12, 2016

Reasons to Celebrate Dark Chocolate




Chocolate lovers rejoice every time we find out there are health benefits from eating this favorite food.  Recent research continues adding to the list.  Check it out below!

What is dark chocolate?
Chocolate starts from cacao beans from the cacao tree. After the beans are roasted, they are called cocoa beans.  Under high pressure, the fat of the bean, called cocoa butter, separates and the cocoa is then ground into a powder.  It is the cocoa powder which provides the health benefits.  The more cocoa in chocolate, the more health benefits.
There are few regulations in the US to define dark chocolate, so there is no way to tell how “dark” a chocolate is unless the product lists the percentage of cocoa.  For instance, a product may say it is “70% cocoa” or “70% cacao”.  This means that 70% of the product is cocoa powder & cocoa butter.  By comparison, milk chocolate has as little as 10% cocoa.
Since chocolate of any kind is high in calories (1 oz = about 170 calories), a darker chocolate (higher percent of cocoa) will provide more health benefits for the calories.

What are the health benefits?
Preliminary studies show eating 1 ounce of dark chocolate (usually 60% cocoa) a few times weekly provides the body with a high level of antioxidants called flavonoids, or polyphenols, which seem to be responsible for the following benefits:

  1. HEART- Dark chocolate may decrease the “bad” LDL cholesterol, increase the “good” HDL cholesterol, lower blood pressure and help restore flexibility to arteries, thus decreasing the risk for heart disease and decreasing the risk of stroke.
  2. BRAIN- Dark chocolate appears to dilate blood vessels, increasing blood flow to the brain, boosting memory and possibly protecting it against dementia development.  It also boosts production of endorphins and serotonin, which are mood enhancers.
  3. EYES- Increased blood flow to the retinas by dark chocolate consumption may protect & possibly improve vision.
  4. TEETH- Recent studies support the fact that dark chocolate is effective at fighting cavities, plaque and tooth decay.
  5. SKIN- Dark chocolate, which has been processed under low heat to maximize the level of flavonoids, helps protect the skin against UV light damage.
  6. WEIGHT- Small amounts of dark chocolate may help stop cravings for other sweets and help with weight loss. Eating small amounts of dark chocolate daily is linked to lower weight levels.

Woo hoo! Enjoy!

Friday, July 15, 2016

Treatment and Prevention of Swimmer's Ear






What is Swimmer’s Ear?
It’s that time of year again, for swimming at pool parties and taking trips to the lake.  With swimming sometimes comes “swimmer’s ear”, or otitis externa.  Swimmer’s ear is an infection inside the ear canal that is caused by bacteria commonly found in the water and soil.  Swimming can cause excess moisture to remain in the ear, leading to the infection- thus the name swimmer’s ear.  Other causes include heavy sweating, humid weather or scratches inside the ear canal.
           
Under normal circumstances, the ear produces a waxy substance, called cerumen, which helps repel water from lingering inside the ear and also prevents bacteria from growing inside the ear canal.  Infection results if the ear’s natural defenses aren’t enough to prevent bacterial growth. 

What are the Symptoms?
Symptoms can range from mild to moderate to severe.  Mild symptoms include itching inside of the ear, redness, discomfort, or clear odorless fluid draining from the ear.  Moderate symptoms include muffled hearing, pus discharging from the ear, and a feeling of fullness inside of the ear.  A severe case of swimmer’s ear may cause a fever, swelling in the lymph nodes of the neck, and severe pain that may radiate to the face and neck.

How is it Treated?
It is important to treat swimmer’s ear as soon as possible.  If the infection is not properly treated, it may lead to more serious complications like long-term infection, temporary hearing loss, long-term damage to the bone and cartilage inside of the ear, or a deep tissue infection called cellulitis.  It is time to see a doctor if there is no improvement of symptoms after one week, if symptoms worsen, if the person feels dizzy, or if pain is not controlled with over-the-counter medications.  A doctor can diagnose swimmer’s ear based on the symptoms and examination of the ear.  The infection can be treated with prescription ear drops that will help reduce inflammation, fight bacteria, and help restore the ear’s normal condition.

How to Prevent Swimmer’s Ear
Over–the-counter ear drops like Swim-Ear® can be used to prevent swimmer’s ear if they are used after exposure to water.  Over-the-counter pain relievers, like ibuprofen, naproxen, or acetaminophen, may also be used to reduce any pain.
           
Enjoy your swimming this summer, but be sure to try and prevent swimmer’s ear.  As always, Topeka Pharmacy is here to help you answer your health questions and concerns!